GP services

What is a General Practitioner (GP)?

A General Practitioner (GP) is a doctor who provides health services to people in his/her surgery or in the patient’s home. If you do not have a Medical Card or a GP Visit Card you will have to pay for the service.

There are no set fees in Ireland for GP services. If you wish to check costs, contact your local surgery directly. At present, charges are approximately €60 per visit.

Public Healthcare

If you are “ordinarily resident”, you can access a range of public health services that are free of charge or subsidized by the Irish government. Generally, if you are living here and intend to continue to stay here for at least a year, you will be considered “ordinarily resident”.

There are two types of patient in the public healthcare system:

  • Category 1 - People with Medical Cards (full entitlement to access public health services)
  • Category 2 - People without Medical Cards (limited access to public health services).

Entitlement to hospital care

What if I have a serious accident or become suddenly very ill – can I go to a hospital Emergency Department (ED)?

Anybody in Ireland with a medical emergency is entitled to attend the Emergency Department. A patient visiting the Emergency Department will either be treated and sent home or will be admitted to a ward as an in-patient.

Note: Different hospitals treat different sicknesses and emergencies, for example, maternity hospitals only treat maternity related emergencies while general hospitals will treat most emergencies.

What are ‘out-patient’ and ‘in-patient’ services?

Out-patient services generally include Emergency Department services as well as planned services, for example, specialist assessment by a consultant or diagnostic assessments such as x-rays, laboratory tests and physiotherapy.

In general, you may refer yourself to the Emergency Department of a public or voluntary hospital. You do not incur hospital charges if you are referred by a GP. You do not have to pay for consultants’ services but you do not have a choice of consultants. If you are a private patient you can choose the consultant.

If you are in a public ward under the care of a consultant for treatment and you remain overnight, you are receiving in-patient services. If you do not remain overnight you are receiving day services.

What are the charges if I go to hospital in Ireland?

This will depend on your personal circumstances and also whether you are accessing ‘out-patient’ or ‘in-patient’ services.

Out-Patient Charges

If you go to the out-patients or Emergency Department of a public hospital without being referred there by your GP, you may be charged €100. This charge does not apply to the following groups:

  • Medical card holders
  • People receiving treatment for prescribed infectious diseases
  • Children with the following diseases and disabilities: mental handicap, mental illness, phenylketonuria, cystic fibrosis, spina bifida, hydrocephalus, haemophilia and cerebral palsy. 
  • People who are entitled to hospital services because of EU Regulations

In cases of excessive hardship, a HSE Area may provide the service free of charge.

If you have to return for further visits in relation to the same illness or accident, you do not have to pay the charge again.

In-Patient and Day Service Charges

The charge for in-patient/day services is €80 per day up to a maximum of €800 in a year (2017 charges). The charge does not apply to the following groups:

  • Medical card holders
  • People receiving treatment for prescribed infectious diseases
  • People who are subject to “long stay” charges
  • People who are entitled to hospital services because of EU Regulations

In cases of excessive hardship, a HSE Area may provide the service free of charge.

National Treatment Purchase Fund

Under the National Treatment Purchase Fund, public patients who are waiting longest for an operation or procedure on a public hospital in-patient or day case waiting list can have their operation in a private hospital:

Telephone: (01) 642 7101

The Medical Card

What is a Medical Card?

A medical card is issued by a Health Service Executive (HSE) Area in Ireland. Medical card holders are entitled to receive certain health services free of charge.

What health services are available free of charge if I have a Medical Card?

  • Doctor visits: A range of GP services from a chosen doctor in your local area
  • Prescription Medicines: The supply of prescribed approved medicines, aids and appliances such as wheelchairs and crutches. In some cases a deposit will be required for equipment. There is a €2.50 charge on prescriptions. 
  • Certain dental, eye and ear health services
  • Hospital Care: All in-patient services in public wards in public hospitals, including public consultant services
  • Hospital visits: All out-patient services in public hospitals, including public consultant services
  • Maternity Cash Grant on the birth of each child
  • Medical and Midwifery Care for Mothers, including health care related to pregnancy and the care of the child for six weeks after birth
  • Some personal and social care services, for example, public health nursing, social work services and other community care services based on client need

For more information regarding the above, please contact your local Health Centre.

You may also be entitled to the following additional benefits (from the relevant government department)

  • Exemption from paying the health portion of your social insurance (PRSI)
  • Free transport to school for children who live 3 miles or more from the nearest school
  • Exemption from state examination fees in public second-level schools
  • Financial help with buying school books

Am I entitled to a medical card?

Anyone over the age of 16 years who is ordinarily resident in the State is entitled to apply for a Medical Card.

You can qualify for a Medical Card under the following three main categories:

  • Means Test: People (and their dependents) whose income is within the financial guidelines
  • Undue Financial Hardship: People whose income is over the financial guidelines but the HSE decides that the financial burden of medical or other exceptional circumstances would cause undue hardship
  • Automatic: People who are automatically entitled to a Medical Card.

Does the medical card cover my family?

A medical card normally covers you (the cardholder), your spouse and any children under 16 or children who are full-time students aged 16-25 and financially dependent on you.

Where a couple has separate incomes, their application for a medical card is assessed on the basis of their combined income.

How do I apply?

You must contact your nearest Health Centre for an application form or If you are under 70 years of age ask for Form MC1 and if you are over 70 years of age ask for Form MC1a.

  • You must complete the application form and get your GP to sign it
  • You must have a Personal Public Service (PPS) number, which you can apply for at your local social welfare office

Medical card assessments based on a means test make allowances for rent or mortgage payments, childcare expenses and travel to work expenses. Income is assessed after tax and PRSI are deducted.

Can I use my Irish medical card if I am abroad on holidays?

No. The medical card is not recognised outside Ireland.

My medical card will expire in 2 months. How can I renew it?

The medical card section will send you are a review form six weeks before your medical card expires. You should complete the form and send it back to them. They will then decide if you still fulfil the requirements for a medical card.

What if I am not eligible for a medical card?

If you are not eligible for a medical card then you will be charged a fee for doctor and hospital services. However, if you do not qualify for a medical card you may qualify for a GP Visit Card. 

GP Visit Cards

This card entitles holders to free GP services; however, they will have to pay for hospital services and a limited amount for prescription drugs. To apply for a GP Visit Card, you use the same application form for a medical card. While your GP Visit Card application is being processed, the HSE will also assess your entitlement for a full medical card.

Drug Payment Scheme

The Drug Payment Scheme allows individuals and families who do not hold medical cards to limit the amount they have to spend on prescribed drugs. Under the Drug Payment Scheme, you pay a maximum of €144 in any calendar month for approved prescribed drugs, medicines and appliances for you and your family. 

If you are ordinarily resident in Ireland, you are eligible to apply for the Drugs Payment Scheme. You can use the Drug Payment Scheme with a Long-term Illness Book. Application forms are available from your local pharmacy or contact your local health centre for more information.

Long-Term Illness Scheme

The Long-Term Illness Scheme allows people with certain conditions, who are not already medical cardholders, to obtain the medicines and medical and surgical appliances they require for the treatment of their condition, without charge. You do not have to satisfy a means test. The conditions included in the scheme are:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Acute leukaemia
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Mental illness (in a person under 16)
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Parkinsonism
  • Epilepsy
  • Phenylketonuria
  • Haemophilia
  • Spina bifida
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Conditions arising from the use of Thalidomide

If approved, you will be issued with a long-term illness book. Your pharmacist will provide you with the necessary drugs free of charge.

Maternity and Infant Services

The Health Service Executive provides free maternity services for the period of pregnancy and for 6 weeks after the birth. The service is provided by your GP. You must be ordinarily resident in Ireland to avail of this service.

Health Services for People with Disabilities

The Disability Act 2005 allows for an assessment of the needs of a person with disabilities. For more information on health services for people with disabilities go to:

Where can I get more information?

Contact the HSE infoline from 8am to 8pm, Monday to Saturday.
Callsave: 1850 24 1850

Reproductive healthcare

Reproductive healthcare includes crisis pregnancy options, family planning, contraception, pregnancy counseling and related health matters, for example, domestic violence, sexually transmitted diseases, miscarriage, still birth and sudden infant death, circumcision and rape. Your GP can provide you with information on reproductive health. However, some people do not feel comfortable about discussing these issues with their GP.

Irish Family Planning Association is a charitable organisation which provides sexual and reproductive health information, clinical services, counseling service education, training and awareness raising:

Solomons House, 42A Pearse Street, Dublin 2
Telephone: 01 6074456

National Pregnancy Helpline: 1850 49 50 51

The Dublin Well Woman Centres were founded to provide access to family planning advice and services. There are three medical centres in Dublin:

Head Office, 25 Capel Street, Dublin 1
Telephone: 01 8749243


67 Pembroke Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4
Telephone: 01 6609860 / 6681108 

35 Lower Liffey Street, Dublin 1
Telephone: 01 8728051 / 8728095

Northside Shopping Centre, Coolock, Dublin 5
Telephone: 01 8484511 

For more information on reproductive health see and go to ‘Publications’ and ‘Reproductive health information for migrant women’.

HIV Ireland is a voluntary organisation working to improve conditions for people living with or affected by HIV and AIDS:

70 Eccles Street, Dublin 7
Telephone: 01 8733799

HIV Ireland's Don't Panic Guides give an overview of sexual health and sexual health services in Dublin in a variety of languages.

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